Vibration analysis

Increase your machine reliability

Just as the doctor examines his patient, the vibration specialist also checks out the machine when its condition worsens. The first signs appear with excessive vibration values, which are recorded during condition monitoring. The specialist uses high-performance analyzers and suitable methods to find the root-cause of the increased vibrations in order to remedy the problem as soon as possible.

PRUFTECHNIK has more than 30 years of experience in the development and manufacturing of portable vibration analyzers for industrial use.

Vibration analysis

Vibration analysis - An overview
Vibration analysis consists in listening inside the machine. Each component vibrates differently and generates a characteristic noise that leaves a typical fingerprint in the spectrum in the form of a linear pattern. If damage is present, the pattern stands out from the noise floor. This allows the specialist to recognize, for example, whether the problem comes from unbalance, misalignment or bearing damage. In addition to an accurate diagnosis it is generally also possible to determine whether urgent action is necessary or whether it can wait until the next scheduled servicing.

Vibration analysis - The benefits
The bottom line is that vibration analysis benefits both the operator and the maintenance technician:

  • Enables the identification of machine faults
  • Provides information on root causes
  • Localizes the affected components
  • Optimizes spare parts logistics
  • Allows early planning of maintenance measures.

Methods and signal forms in vibration analysis

  • FFT analysis: often used for detecting the most common machine faults, such as misalignment or unbalance. 
  • Order analysis: Variant of FFT analysis used for machines with variable RPM; instead of the frequency, the multiple of the rotational speed (order) is analyzed in the spectrum;
  • Envelope analysis: used for diagnosis of damaged gear toothing and roller bearings.
  • Cepstrum: facilitates the diagnosis of gear and bearing damage.
  • Time waveform: suitable for analysis of the measured signal and for detecting beats and transients (random pulses).
  • Orbit: used for analysis of shaft vibrations – especially in shafts with sleeve bearings.
  • Phase measurement: used together with the FFT analysis to differentiate machine faults, such as unbalance, misalignment or loose parts.
  • Resonance analyses: for identification of natural frequencies and natural vibrations in a machine or structure. Methods include impact tests, recording of the run-up and coast-down curve and measurement of the shaft bending lines.

Request an overview of the Machinery Faults Diagnosis in a poster format.

To top

Product overview



    The high-speed data collector


    Product information



    Next Generation Advanced Online Condition Monitoring

    Product information



    Next Generation Condition Monitoring

    Product information



    The Expert in data collection, vibration analysis and field balancing

    Product information

  • VIBGUARD compact

    VIBGUARD compact

    Online Condition Monitoring and Diagnostics for Single Aggregates in Industry 4.0 Environment

    Product information

  • VIBGUARD portable

    VIBGUARD portable

    Advanced Condition Monitoring on the move

    Product information

  • VIBRONET Signalmaster

    VIBRONET Signalmaster

    Proven Online Condition Monitoring for industrial plants

    Product information



    The clever data collector & vibration analyzer for hazardous environments

    Product information



    High performance intrinsically safe vibration analyzer

    Product information



    PRÜFTECHNIK’s universal software platform for a better availability of your assets

    Product information

To top

Our services are available worldwide. With our experienced PRUFTECHNIK specialists and our global partner network we guarantee the best service quality wherever you are.

Find a service partner in your area

To top

Trainings and seminars

Our certified vibration analysis seminars are very popular for training and skills development purposes. We deliver expert knowledge together with practice-oriented tips and tricks based on our field experience.


Certified vibration seminars (ISO CAT I - IV)

To top